Hyperpigmentation is darkening of the skin due to an increase in melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin color. While most hyperpigmentation is not worrisome, it can be very bothersome because it creates uneven skin tone. Discolored patches typically occur on the face, neck, décolletage, arms, and hands. Just as there are numerous causes of hyperpigmentation , there are also varied treatments.
- Sun damage is a common cause of hyperpigmentation resulting in brown spots, redness, and fine lines to exposed skin. Sun-damaged skin is affected on a cellular level. Lumecca IPL (intense pulsed light) is a photo-rejuvenation treatment that concentrates light to remove the top layers of damaged skin. Lumecca treatments leave skin brighter, more youthful looking. The results are optimal in two to three sessions. Minimal to no down-time is experienced.
- Melasma may be triggered by a hormone imbalance, such as pregnancy or hormone replacement. As a result, internal and external factors need to be addressed. The use of lasers and heat-based treatments should be used cautiously as they can stimulate more pigment in some cases. Start with topical treatments and evaluate based on results.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a result of trauma to the skin, such as an injury or acne. To avoid reinjuring the skin, a conservative approach to treating the discoloration often involves skin-lightening creams.
“With hyperpigmentation, prevention is forefront. The use of sunscreen as a daily regimen cannot be overemphasized” says Dr. Abraham. “At Sherwood Aesthetic Medicine, we take a comprehensive approach to treatment and reoccurrence prevention.”
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